Cough and cold

Common cold facts

  • The common cold is an upper respiratory tract infection caused by many different viruses.
  • The common cold is transmitted by virus-infected airborne droplets or by direct contact with infected secretions.
  • Symptoms of the common cold include
  • Being in cold weather does not cause the common cold, but cold weather promotes close contact.
  • Over-the-counter medications may be used for treatment of the common cold.
  • Antibiotics are not necessary for the common cold.
  • The common cold is a self-limited disease that can generally be managed at home.
  • The common cold has no cure, and there is no available vaccine.

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